International Comet Quarterly

Some interesting meteorite falls of the last two centuries

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DATE          LOCATION                REMARKS                          REFERENCES
1807 12 14    Weston, CT, U.S.A.     meteor visible half a minute,      [21]
                                      loud sounds heard, many stones
                                      found scattered over 6-10
                                      miles, weighing as much as
                                      200 lbs. total (largest
                                      meteorite weighed 35 lbs)

1825 01 16    Oriang, Malwate,       man killed, woman injured in       [14, 17,
               India                  meteorite fall [considered           25]
                                      "possible" by LaPaz (1958)]

1827 02 16    Mhow, India            man wounded "severely in the       [12, 17,
                                      arm" when hit by meteorite           25]

1836 11 11    Macau, Brazil          cattle killed when hit by          [12, 17,
                                      shower of meteorites                 25]
                                      [considered "possible" by
                                       LaPaz (1958)]

1847 07 14    Hauptmannsdorf,        37-pound Braunau iron meteorite    [12, 17,
               Braunau, Bohemia       smashed into a room, covering        25]
                                      three children with ceiling
                                      debris but not hurting them

1860 05 01    New Concord, OH,       horse struck and killed by         [12, 17,
               USA                    meteorite                            25]

1863 08 08    Pillistfer, Latvia     5.4-kg stony meteorite               [25]
                                      penetrated tile roof and
                                      floor of building

1868 01 30    Pultusk, Poland        meteorite shower of more than        [12]
                                      100,000 fragments

1882 02 03    Mocs, Romania          meteorite shower of thousands        [12]
                                      of fragments                                      

1890 05 02    Forest City, IA, USA   meteorite shower of some 2000        [12]
                                      fragments; one fragment fell into
                                      a pile of hay (no fire)

1893 09 02    Zabrodje, White        3-kg stony meteorite fell through    [25]
                 Russia               house roof

1906 11 04    Constantia, South      1-kg stony meteorite smashed         [25]
                 Africa               through roof and ceiling
                                      (2-pound piece recovered)

1907 09 05    Hsin-p-ai Wei,         meteorite caused a house to           [1]
               Weng-li, China         collapse, killing a family;
                                      evidently no evidence

1908 06 30    Tunguska, Siberia      apparent airblast (no recovered      [15]
                                      meteorites) of an object entering
                                      earth's atmosphere; leveled
                                      hundreds of square miles of forest,
                                      killing two men and hundreds of 
                                      reindeer

1911 06 16    Kilbourn, WI, USA      772-gm stony meteorite passed        [25]
                                      through roof and floorboard of
                                      barn, penetrated 2.5 inches into
                                      clay floor

1911 06 28    Nakhla, Egypt          dog struck and killed by           [12, 17,
                                      meteorite (part of meteorite         25]
                                      shower)

1912 07 19    Holbrook, AZ, USA      meteorite shower of more than      [12, 13]
                                      14000 fragments; meteorite
                                      fell a few meters from a person;
                                      largest fragment 9 pounds

1915 04 25    Ta-yang, east of       meteorite tore off a woman's         [1]
               Mai-po, China          arm; several meteorites, ranging
                                      from about 2 to about 3.5 kg

1916 01 18    Baxter, MO, USA        611-gm stony meteorite               [25]
                                      penetrated roof of house

1921 12 31    Beyrout, Syria         1.1-kg stony meteorite fell          [25]
                                      through hut roof

1924 07 06    Johnstown, CO, USA     meteorites fell within a few feet    [13]
                                      of two men; 50-pound stone went
                                      5 feet into wet soil

1927 04 28    Aba-mura, Inashiki-    young girl suffered two head       [16, 25]
               gun, Ibaragi-ken,      injuries when struck by a
               Japan                  stony meteorite

1932 08 10    Archie, MO, USA        meteorite fell less than 1 m       [12, 13]
                                      from person

1936 04 02    Yurtuk, Ukraine        2-kg stony meteorite smashed         [25]
                                      hole in roof of house

1938 03 31    Kasamatsu, Japan       721-gm stony meteorite               [25]
                                      penetrated house roof, landed
                                      on floor

1938 06 16    Pantar, Philippines    numerous buildings hit by          [12, 25]
                                      thousands of meteorites "as
                                      big as corn and rice grains"

1938 06 24    Chicora, PA, USA       cow's hide injured, presumably     [17, 25]
                                      by a fragment belonging to the
                                      meteorite shower in that area
                                      on that day

1938 09 29    Benld, IL, USA         building and car hit by stony      [12, 13,
                                      meteorites; the car was hit by        25]
                                      a 4-pound fragment after it
                                      crashed through the roof of a
                                      garage, then through roof, seat,
                                      and floorboards of car

1947 02 12    Sikhote-Alin, south-   largest meteorite shower on          [2]
               eastern Siberia        record; estimated 100 tons of
                                      total debris fell, the largest
                                      weighing 1745 kg; some 9000
                                      fragments weighing about 28
                                      tons recovered; largest crater
                                      28 m wide

1949 09 21    Beddgelert, N. Wales   794-gm stony meteorite broke         [25]
                                      through roof and fell into 
                                      hotel room

1950 09 20    Murray, KY, USA        five buildings hit by meteorites     [12]

1950 12 10    St. Louis, MO, USA     car hit by meteorite                 [12]

1954 11 30    Sylacauga, AL, USA     woman in home hit by meteorite      [3, 12,
                                      after breaking through roof          25]

1965 12 24    Barwell, England       two buildings and a car hit by       [12]
                                      by meteorites

1971 04 08    Wethersfield, CT,      12-ounce meteorite entered house    [4, 12]
               USA                    through roof, lodged in living-
                                      room ceiling; ordinary chondrite;
                                      less than two miles away, another
                                      house was hit 11.5 yr later

1976 03 08    Jilin City, Jilin,     largest stony-meteorite shower      [1, 12]
               China                  in recent times; more than          
                                      100 fragments, the largest
                                      being 1770 kg in weight and
                                      making an impact crater 6 m deep;
                                      H5 chondrite

1977 01 31    Louisville, KY, USA    three buildings and a car hit by    [12, 24]
                                      meteorites

1982 11 08    Wethersfield, CT,      meteorite entered house through     [4, 12]
               USA                    roof; second house hit in same
                                      town in 11.5 years; L6 chondrite

1984 09 30    Binningup, WA,         meteorite fell 4-5 m from two        [12]
               Australia              sunbathers on soft beach sand

1984 12 10    Claxton, GA, USA       mailbox hit by meteorite             [12]

1986 07 29    Kokubunji, Japan       several buildings hit by meteorites  [12]

1991 08 31    Noblesville, IN, USA   meteorite fell 3.5 m from two        [5]
                                      children outside; ordinary
                                      stony chondrite

1992 08 14    Mbale, Uganda          meteorite shower; boy hit on         [6]
                                      head by 3.6-g fragment after
                                      it hit tree first                  

1992 10 09    Peekskill, NY, USA     car hit by meteorite, which          [7]
                                      passed through steel trunk
                                      and impacted ground underneath;
                                      fireball widely visible and
                                      imaged along east coast

1992 12 10    Mihonoseki, Honshu,    6.5-kg L6 ordinary chondrite         [10]
               Japan                  meteorite crashed through house
                                      to ground

1994 06 14    St-Robert, QC,         meteorite shower caused sonic        [8]
               Canada                 boom in Montreal; scattered
                                      strewnfield in rural area;
                                      more than 25 kg recovered;
                                      H5 chondrite

1994 06 21    near Getafe, Spain     12-cm-wide, 1.4-kg meteorite         [11]
                                      broke windshield and bent
                                      steering wheel of moving car,
                                      breaking finger of driver;
                                      more than 50 kg of meteorites
                                      found within 200 m of accident

2003 03 26    Chicago, IL, USA       meteorite shower; buildings          [9]
                                      hit in Park Forest, IL;
                                      ordinary chondrites

2003 09 27    Mayurbhanj,            bright fireball(s) lit up sky just   [18]
               Orissa, India          after sunset; widely observed
                                      meteorite shower yielding 
                                      numerous highly magnetic meteorites

2004 06 12    Ellerslie, suburban    1.3-kg (2.8-lb) 7-cm x 13-cm         [19]
               Auckland, N.Z.         meteorite broke through roof of
                                      house and bounced off sofa

2007 09 15    Carancas, Peru         13.5-m-diameter crater created by    [22]
               (near Lake Titicaca    mid-day visible fireball
                at alt. 3824 m)       meteorite, numerous ordinary
                                      chondrites H4-5 recovered;
                                      made international news when
                                      local people complained of
                                      illness -- not yet definitively
                                      explained

2008 10 06    Nubian desert,         47 meteorites weighing 3.95 kg       [23]
               northern Sudan         were found in Dec. 2008 via a
              (Almahata Sitta)        systematic search along the
                                      suspected debris path for the
                                      small minor planet 2008 TC3,
                                      discovered 20 hours prior to 
                                      impact by R. A. Kowalski with the 
                                      1.5-m telescope at Mt. Lemmon in 
                                      Arizona, when it was about 370000 
                                      miles from the earth; a bright
                                      fireball was seen by airline
                                      pilots and orbiting satellites
                                      when the object entered the
                                      earth's atmosphere; the largest
                                      recovered meteorite weights 1.5 g
                                      (classified as a polymict ureilite,
                                      an achondrite)

2013 02 15    near Chelyabinsk,      extremely bright fireball            [20]
               south-central Russia   (apparent brightness rivalling
                                      that of the apparent brightness
                                      of the sun) entered atmosphere
                                      over Alaska and moving westward
                                      toward Chelyabinsk, near its
                                      termination point shortly before
                                      sunrise, creating a huge airblast
                                      shock that damaged thousands of
                                      buildings in Chelyabinsk (mostly 
                                      broken glass) and injuring more
                                      than 1000 people; apparently
                                      meteorites were found in water
                                      under a large circular broken-
                                      ice feature found soon after the
                                      event

---------- 
REFERENCES
----------
[1] Yau et al. (1994), Meteoritics 29, 864

[2] Fessenkov (1955), "Sikhote-Aline Meteorite", in Meteors (ed. by T. R. Kaiser, Pergamon Press, London), p. 179; Gallant (1997), Sky Telesc. 93(2), 50; website with info

[3] Swindel and Jones (1954), Meteoritics 1, 125

[4] di Cicco (1983), Sky Telesc. 65, 118;

[5] Sky Telesc. 83, 372 (April 1992)

[6] website with info; Jenniskens et al. (1994), Meteoritics 29, 246; Sky & Telescope, June 1993, p. 96

[7] Brown et al. (1994), Nature 367, 624; di Cicco (1993), Sky Telesc. 85(2), 26

[8] Brown et al. (1996), Meteoritics & Planetary Sci. 31, 502; Hildebrand et al. (1997), J. Roy. Astron. Soc. Canada 91, 261

[9] http://www.fmnh.org/research_collections/geology/meteor.htm

[10] Sky Telesc. 86(2), 13 (Aug. 1993)

[11] Sky Telesc. 88(6), 12 (Dec. 1994)

[12] Spratt and Stephens (1992), Mercury, Mar./Apr. 1992, p. 50; Spratt (1991), JRASC 85, 263

[13] Nininger (1952), Out of the Sky: An Introduction to Meteorites, Univ. of Denver Press

[14] Gritzner (1997), WGN 25, 222

[15] Sekanina (1983), A.J. 88, 1382; Melosh (1993), Nature 361, 14; Lyne and Tauber (1995) Nature 375, 638; Sekanina (1998), Planet. Space Sci. 46, 191; Bronshten (2000), Planet. Space Sci. 48, 855; Hou et al. (2000), Planet. Space Sci. 48, 1447

[16] Yamamoto and Murayama (1951), Pop. Astron. 59, 431, 432

[17] LaPaz (1951), Pop. Astron. 59, 433

[18] CCNet reports

[19] Aug. 2004 issue of Meteorite, article by Brenda Archer; Summer 2005 issue of Inside Smithsonian Research (No. 9, p. 16), article by John Barrat; video of the aftermath; also numerous WWW news articles, such as http://www.geo-earth.com/forums/lofiversion/index.php/t2490.html (do a Google search with +"Brenda Archer" +meteorite).

[20] With standard caution, see the the Wikipedia article on this event. Information has been compiled at this website.

[21] Elements of Astronomy, Descriptive and Physics, by Hervey Wilbur (1839, New York: Scofield and Voorhies; and Boston: Whipple and Damrell), pp. 106-107.

[22] J. Borovicka and P. Spurny (2008), Astron. Astrophys. 485, L1; G. Tancredi et al. (2009), Meteoritics & Planetary Sci. 44, 1967. With standard caution, see also the Wikipedia article on this event.

[23] P. Jenniskens et al. (2009), Nature 458, 485-488 (26 March).

[24] A. L. Graham and R. S. Clarke, Jr., eds. (1978), "The Meteoritical Bulletin" No. 55, in Meteoritics 13, 341.

[25] L. LaPaz (1958), "The Effects of Meteorites Upon the Earth", Adv. in Geophys. 4, 217ff.


Catalogue of meteorites available on the WWW: National History Museum, London, 2000 catalogue is online.

See also the Wikipedia list


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